Main Article Content
Guest hosting and hospitality are inseparable parts of social life of humankind. They are even necessities for people. Every community has its own peculiar traditions of guest hosting, hospitality and table culture. In eastern cultures, especially in Kazakh and Turkish cultures, hospitality is considered as a privilege. Consequently, during talking about someone’s good qualities, it is of great importance to mention about his hospitality and cheer character. Alongside the hospitality, the plentiness of food on the host’s table and his welcoming mood are also considered as important qualities of a person. Linguistic cultural studies is a branch, which emerged on the junction of Linguistics and Culturology and investigates the relationships between language and culture, the reflection of a country’s culture on his language. A community’s traditions, rituals, customs and cultural units are not just preserved in products physical culture and behaviors of representatives of the given culture. The majority of this wealth is transmitted from generation to generation in the form of proverbs and sayings, linguistic units, etiquette clichés, which are considered as components of a language. There are some common peculiarities in speech units (clichés) and behaviors in guest hosting and table etiquette of the Kazakh and Turkish cultures. They are frequently used on the basis of such factors as person, tense, age, gender, location and others. Every community’s cultural peculiarity is observed first, in its trite behavioral and speech etiquette. In the present paper, examples of speech and behavioral units which are frequently used in the context of guest hosting and table culture of the Kazakh and Turkish languages are examined and compared from the ethno linguistic and lingual-cultural viewpoint.